Clara and Maria entered their house and
closed the door.
They were living in Germany in about 1572
and they had just come in from getting apples. They had
just brought home apples from the market and were now getting
thin cookies, cutting out paper roses and apples to put
on their Christmas tree.
Maria, the younger of the two sisters, asked,
"Why do we use green and red at Christmastime?"
Clara, the oldest said, "Well, we use green
because we use evergreens like our tree. Evergreens represent
everlasting life. Christ died for us and he still lives
-- maybe not on earth but in heaven. That is what everlasting
life is." While the girls decorated the rest of the tree,
Clara continued telling Maria other legends and stories
of the green and red colors at Christmas.
"Even before Christ, there were men and
women called druids that worshipped the earth. They used
evergreens in the winter to show that the woodland and fairies
live with them during winter.
The Romans kept branches during winter through
the beginning of January and then they would exchange branches
with their friends. They would trade them to show a sign
of good luck.
The Egyptians treasured and worshipped evergreens.
When the winter solstice arrived they would bring palm trees
into their homes to show triumph over death, even though
it doesn't last all through winter.
There are even several legends of the Christmas
tree. Like Martin Luther, in the year 1535. I will tell
you about him. He was the one that first put lights on the
Christmas tree. He was walking home one evening after he
had been giving a sermon and he saw the stars above the
evergreens and he was very amazed. He wanted to be able
to show his family and recapture the scene so he brought
candles and a tree into his living room, put the candles
on the tree and that is how we got the lights."
Maria smiled and looked up at their tree.
She loved Christmas. The tree made the drab days of winter
just outside their little home a lot brighter. "Do you know
any more stories?" she asked.
"I know two more," Clara continued.
"One about a man named Saint Boniface. Saint
Boniface was an English missionary and was out walking when
he came upon some men about to cut a huge oak tree as a
stake for a human sacrifice to their pagan god. With one
mighty blow, Saint Boniface chopped down the tree and a
beautiful young fir tree sprang from the center. He told
the men that its branches were pointing to heaven.
My last story to tell you is about a poor
woodsman. He was walking home one night when he came upon
a hungry child. Even though he was very poor himself he
gave the child food and shelter for the night. When he awoke
the next morning he rose to find a sparkling tree outside
his house. The child was really the Christ child in disguise.
And the tree was a gift as a reward for his charity."
Maria smiled again as the thought of her
own Christmas tree warmed her. "Before you were born and
I was very young, there were these things called Paradise
Plays." Clara said.
"They were plays showing parts of the Bible.
And they had things in them like evergreens and apples,
wafers and things like we are using right now. They were
plays of the Garden of Eden and Adam and Eve. The apples
were the fruit and they would play out the story every year
on December 24th."
Clara paused, and then frowned a little.
"But a little while after the people in the plays became
very rude. And the Catholic Church didn't think the plays
were very respectful. So they made it so we couldn't have
those plays anymore."
Clara stopped and thought for a moment.
"Well, I have explained green and I guess these plays are
a good way to explain why we use red."
"First, remember how I told about the apples
from the Paradise Plays? They were red. They were used to
represent the fall of Adam. When the Church stopped the
plays people brought trees into their homes and now we use
apples in our celebrations at home."
"Holly is also red and is used to represent
Christ's drops of blood. The Romans used holly to make wreathes
to represent the crown of thorns that Christ wore. Druids,
the men and women that worship the earth, used holly in
the winter to show that during winter when all the trees
lose their leaves there is still beauty on earth. They also
wore holly in their hair when they went to watch the Pagan
priests cut the mistletoe."
About one hundred to two hundred years after
Maria and Clara's time, German and English people coming
to America, brought the Christmas tree tradition with them.
Now, four hundred years after Maria and Clara's time things
have changed a lot. Today we still use evergreens at Christmas
time, but sometimes now we even use artificial trees.
We use red and green with the tree, decorations,
wrapping paper, bows and ribbons. Red and green is used
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been listening to the Guitar Artistry of Doug Simpson
Song Title: Go Tell It on the Mountain
From his Album CD titled: Home for the Holidays
Article by Brenna Hall - Used by permission of
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